STATE AGRICULTURAL MANAGEMENT & EXTENSION TRAINING INSTITUTE

SAMETI, JHARKHAND

A State level Training Institute of Jharkhand

Documentaion of Success Stories under NATP-ITD, Rain Water Management, Advance course In IT, Workshop on ATMA Model

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STATUS OF AGRICULTURE IN JHARKHAND STATE

(I)  Land Profile:

           Geographical Area : 79.70 lakh ha

         Cultivable Area : 38 lakh ha

         Net Shown Area : 25 - 26 lakh ha

         Rainfall : 1300 mm (Normal)

         Irrigated Area 3.007 lakh ha (12%).

         Cropping Intensity 125%

         No. of Districts    - 24

         No. of Blocks       - 259

(II)  Major Crops : Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Pulses, Oilseeds & Horticultural Crops

S No.

 Crops

Area

(000 ha)

Production (000 MT)

1.

Rice

1501.177

4367.433

2.

Wheat

170.097

335.932

3.

Maize

265.846

450.736

4.

Pulses (Arhar, Urad, Moong, Gram etc.)

591.138

590.948

5.

Oilseed (Mustard, Niger, Til, Groundnut etc.)

278.135

191.984

6

Fruits

83.853

859.008

7

Vegetable

295.273

4196.700

8

Cashew Nut

19.659

9.858

 (III) Minor Crops : Maize, Arhar, Urad, Moong, Wheat, Gram, Mustard

 (IV) Constraints:

         Run off loss and soil erosion and Low level of irrigation.

         Mono Cropping.

         Cultivation of waste land.

         Lack of Organized marketing facilities.

         Soil Acidity and poor soil condition.

         Increase in kharif area/area expansion-Coverage of fallow land, increase in pulses, oil seed and coarse cereals area

         Inadequate seed.

         Low Farm mechanization

         Low credit/insurance

         Poor infrastructure for post harvest and value addition.  

(V)  Achievements:

                     Increase in paddy productivity (from 20 q/ha to 30 q/ha)

                     Increase in paddy production (32 lakh ton to 44 lakh ton).

                     Increase in area under pulses from 4.66 lakha ha to 5.90 lakhs ha.

                     Increase in production under pulses from 4.12 lakh ton to 5.90 lakh ton.

                     Increase in Rabi area from 5.92 lakh ha to 6.12 lakh ha.

                     Promotion of notified hybrid 60000 qtl paddy seed distributed   (4.28 lakh ha)

                     Construction of 6000 MT godown in each district.

                     Agriculture Technology Information Center (ATIC) in each block.

                     Participation of 2.400 lakh farmers of Jharkhand in Krishi Mahotsov ratha yatra from 27 May- 12th June, 2015

                     Massive Seed treatment campaign in each block and panchayat

                     Renovation of Govt. tank-861 no.

                     Construction of new pond and check dam-1982no.

(VI)    Thrust Areas identified by State Government.

         Soil water conservation and increase in irrigation potential

         Irrigation infrastructure tie up with other departments

         Promotion of Soil Amendment for acidic soil, Soil Health Card

         Increase in Rabi area.

         Area Expansion in Kharif- coverage of fallow land.

         Promotion of Oilseed and Pulses

         Enhancement of area under cashew production.

         Rainfed Horticulture

         Quality Seed production and distribution.

         Seed Production in Seed multiplication farm, Seed Village

         Promotion of SRI and Hybrid Rice programme.

         Promotion of Kisan Credit Card to farmers.

         Coverage National Agriculture Insurance Scheme

         Farm Mechanization (Equipment bank for custom hiring).

         Coverage of waste land with horticultural/plantation crop

         Promotion of Solar Power.

                                                                                                                                                                        Top

Coverage, Production and Productivity of Different crops of Jharkhand 

Paddy 

Year  Coverage in 000 ha Production in 000 tones Productivity kg /ha
2007-08 1643.782 3326.407 2023
2008-09 1670.330 3400.187 2035
2009-10 981.693 1518.364 1546
2010-11 720.317 1110.006 1541
2011-12 1693.796 5614.931 3315
2012-13 1414.462 3991.222 2833
2013-14 1255.873 3637.447 2896
2014-15 1502.177 4324.456 2879
2015-16 1588.879 2569.411 1617
2016-17 1678.960 4988.065 2971

Maize                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Top

Year  Coverage in 000 ha Production in 000 tones Productivity kg /ha
2007-08 237.41 358.245 1621
2008-09 216.066 304.002 1407
2009-10 189.999 217.458 1332
2010-11 215.399 261.715 1215
2011-12 255.069 408.889 1603
2012-13 249.335 451.693 1812
2013-14 256.942 517.029 2012
2014-15 289.009 384.932 1559
2016-17 286.231 578.066 2020

Pulses  

Year  Coverage in 000 ha Production in 000 tones Productivity kg /ha
2007-08 393.668 295.181 750
2008-09 387.536 280.785 724
2009-10 301.767 219.729 728
2010-11 405.275 312.422 771
2011-12 538.784 492.25 914
2012-13 586.965 686.219 1169
2013-14 566.841 578.635 1020
2014-15 594.661 597.068 1004
2015-16 553.493 495.134 895
2016-17* 350.317 300.141 857

Top

Oilseeds  

Year  Coverage in 000 ha Production in 000 tones Productivity kg /ha
2007-08 124.346 68.881 554
2008-09 130.522 73.306  
2009-10 141.454 78.875 557
2010-11 182.013 113.66 624
2011-12 264.831 174.493 659
2012-13 250.586 197.235 783
2013-14 275.816 182.852 663
2014-15 267.560 180.458 674
2015-16 283.187 188.448 665
2016-17* 21.583 21.457 778

*  1st Advance Estimate